BelSmile: a biomedical semantic role labeling approach for extracting biological expression language from text

Abstract

Biological expressn language (BEL) is one of the most popular languages to represent the causal and correlative relationships among biological events. Automatically extracting and representing biomedical events using BEL can help biologists quickly survey and understand relevant literature. Recently, many researchers have shown interest in biomedical event extraction. However, the task is still a challenge for current systems because of the complexity of integrating different information extraction tasks such as named entity recognition (NER), named entity normalization (NEN) and relation extraction into a single system. In this study, we introduce our BelSmile system, which uses a semantic-role-labeling (SRL)-based approach to extract the NEs and events for BEL statements. BelSmile combines our previous NER, NEN and SRL systems. We evaluate BelSmile using the BioCreative V BEL task dataset. Our system achieved an F-score of 27.8%, ∼7% higher than the top BioCreative V system. The three main contributions of this study are (i) an effective pipeline approach to extract BEL statements, and (ii) a syntactic-based labeler to extract subject–verb–object tuples.

Reference

Lai, P. T., Lo, Y. Y., Huang, M. S., Hsiao, Y. C., & Tsai, R. T. H. (2016). BelSmile: a biomedical semantic role labeling approach for extracting biological expression language from text. Database, 2016, baw064.

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Po-Ting Lai: potinglai@gmail.com
Yu-Cheng Hsiao: leo10816@gmail.com